Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes a tiny camera during the repair of joint injuries. During arthroscopic surgery, the surgeon inserts a narrow tube containing a fiber-optic video camera, through a small incision. Arthroscopic surgery is helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of the following conditions:
During arthroscopic surgery, either general, spinal, or local anesthesia will be given, depending on the condition. You will be instructed about wound care, activities to be avoided, and exercises to be performed for a fast recovery.
You will follow up with your surgeon approximately one week after surgery. A rehabilitation program may be prescribed for a quick recovery. You can usually resume normal activities within a few days, according to your doctor’s recommendation.
Sports injuries can occur during sports or exercise activities. Sports injuries may result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises. The most common sports injuries are sprains, strains, fractures, and dislocations.
The usual treatments recommended for these injuries are rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE).
Some measures to prevent sports-related injuries include:
Some common sports injuries include:
Shoulder injuries are common in sports such as tennis, basketball, or gymnastics. Shoulder injuries include torn tendons or ligaments. These injuries may be caused by overuse or trauma while playing sports. Shoulder injuries may be treated in a conservative manner, or may require surgery.
Fractures of the femur bone, labral tears, and hip strains are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip. The hip joint bears significant weight and is very susceptible to sports injuries. Hip injuries require immediate medical attention to avoid further complications. Rehabilitation programs and physical therapy are often recommended following treatment.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a major stabilizing ligament in the knee, which may tear during sports activities. Other common sports injuries to the knee include meniscal tears and other types of cartilage damage. Sports injuries of the knee frequently require surgical treatment that can usually be performed using minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques. After surgery, your surgeon will generally recommend physical therapy to strengthen your muscles and to increase range of motion of your joints.
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.