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Foot and Ankle

Foot and Ankle Anatomy

For more information about foot and ankle anatomy, click on the link below.

Ankle Arthroscopy

Ankle arthroscopy is a surgical procedure during which the internal structure of the ankle is examined for diagnosis and treatment of problems inside the joint.

For more information about ankle arthroscopy, click on the links below.

Ankle Fractures

Ankle injuries are the most common sports-related injury. An ankle fracture is a break in one or more bones that make up the ankle joint. Sometimes ligaments may also be damaged.

For more information about ankle fractures, click on the links below.

Bunion Surgery

A bunion is a foot deformity that changes the shape of the foot, causing the big toe to turn inward, leading to pain and inflammation. A bunion can be caused by poorly fitting shoes, joint damage, arthritis, or inherited traits.

For more information about bunion surgery, click on the links below.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used when you walk, run, and jump. If the Achilles tendon is overstretched, for example while you are playing recreational sports, it can tear (rupture) partially or completely.

For more information about Achilles tendon rupture, click on the link below.

Ankle Sprain

A sprain is characterized either by stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones in a joint and provide stability to the joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury that may occur when you suddenly twist the ankle joint, or when you land your foot in an awkward position after a jump.

For more information about ankle sprains, click on the links below.

Common Toe Deformities

A variety of toe deformities can occur in children’s feet. These deformities can affect a child’s walking, balance, weight-bearing, and other activities.

For more information about common toe deformities, click on the links below.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common problem that causes pain under the heel bone, often after a long walk or prolonged standing. It is most often seen in middle-aged men and women. The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that lies at the bottom of the foot, running from the heel bone to the toe. It functions as a shock absorber, and also supports the arch of the foot.

For more information about plantar fasciitis, click on the links below.

Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

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  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Orange County Medical Association